Design Of AGV With Mobile Communication
Automatic guided vehicles (AGVs) that run automatically and are controlled by computers have been used in a
wide range of fields and applications, such as on factory production floors, in warehouses, and in distribution centres, and
have received more attention as a mode of transportation because they do not produce CO2 emissions that harm the
environment. Due to the abundant availability of human labour at lower costs, these are rarely implemented in India. Even
then implementing AGVs will bring many benefits to the organization like improved safety, reliability and efficiency. The
design of AGV can be quite challenging and the cost and performance of the system are greatly impacted. The main
objective of this work is to design and develop a cost effective AGV. This paper presents the design of AGV and its control
using ATmega16, along with its fabrication which is a line follower. The robot is reprogrammable and changes can be made
so it suits the real industrial environment. It is allowed to follow accurately the magnetic tape path laid along the flat floors.
Test runs are conducted by programming for a predesigned path providing it with an imitating industrial environment and
also obstacles in its path. PID control is also included in this vehicle for smoother movements along the path.
Keywords: AGV, ATmega16, Line follower